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Michael asks…

Does anyone know the difference between a free trade zone and an economic distribution center certificate?

I’m working on a report to figure out if it would be wiser to implement a free trade zone or to hand out economic distribution centre certificates to those who qualify….
Please help!
Thanks in advance…

Tijuana answers:

Ok, let’s look at the arguments on each side and apply some logic.

I’m going to paste the argument for free trade from wiki (because I don’t agree… It’s best just to paste what they say):

“Economic arguments for free trade

Classical economic analysis shows that free trade increases the global level of output because free trade permits specialization among countries. Specialization allows nations to devote their scarce resources to the production of the particular goods and services for which that nation has a comparative advantage. The benefits of specialization, coupled with economies of scale, increase the global production possibility frontier. An increase in the global production possibility frontier indicates that the absolute quantity of goods and services produced is highest under free trade. Not only are the absolute quantity of goods and services higher, but the particular combination of goods and services actually produced will yield the highest possible utility to global consumers.”

Now, all that sounds fine and dandy; BUT, results are speaking louder than these words… Don’t you think. The problem with all this hoop-la is… Well this is my opinion… Lack of morality in the corporate world.

Take NAFTA for example, NAFTA was suppose to have little affect on the USA while boosting the Mexican economy 3 fold. This was suppose to trickle through the economy with increased wages for the Mexicans and suppress illegal immigration into the USA.

What has happened is: USA corporations went to Mexico; but due to the lack of legislation in NAFTA that Ross Perot wanted to add to it where a USA corporation must obey Mexican labor laws (including their minimum wage law that Mexican companies ignore), they ended up paying the Mexican workers no more than Mexican companies that don’t follow the law…. That exploit their labor. This resulted in basically no affect… No change.

Meanwhile, profits increased about 200% for the USA corporations… Other companies saw this…. BOOM a WAVE of corporations headed to Mexico… Hence, 100,000s of American jobs were and still are being lost.

Now, for the economic distribution center certificate idea: logic would dictate without even looking into this at great depth that it is a better idea. Why? Because it is a ‘certificate’ and not a treaty. In the USA, only the president has the authority to remove or add the USA to or from a treaty… This means once it is a ‘go’, the USA is locked in.

With a certificate, that means it would have to be renewable based on intervals of time… The USA is not locked into the agreement.

This would allow adjustments to be made to the details of the trade… IE) say the agreement was with x, y and z countries but y country was found to not be obeying labor and humanitarian rights, etc… Y country’s certificate could be voided or not renewed.

IE) Or say, the affect on USA jobs was found to be far more negative than predicted. The certificate or agreement to the certificate could be adjusted.

Obviously, there is a lot more power in the latter of the two.

Richard asks…

What is the best way to buy furniture and other items in MEXICO?

I’m moving from the US to Playa Del Carmen, Mexico and just rented an apartment with my Mexican boyfriend for 5000 pesos/mo. Its a nice place for our price range with 2 rooms and a kitchen/common area but it’s unfurnished which, around here, seems to be less common. Most of the apartments are completely furnished and come with mattresses and random pieces of furniture, couches, some with AC and others don’t have a refrigerator, and you have to put in your own boiler for hot water. Our apartment is completely bare and certain things are much more expensive and less available here than in the US and I’m trying to figure out the best way to purchase furniture on a budget. Certain things are much more expensive here than the US and we have less places to choose from. There are a few basic places that have small selections of reasonably priced items but still not like the bargains I can get at home. For instance there is a walmart, sears and sam’s club here which offer a few options but nothing special. Like, walmart has a few standard mattresses that might be cheaper than sears which has nicer furniture but much more expensive. There’s nothing comparable to a sleepy’s or jordan’s furniture. There are furniture stores here and in cancun but they are pretty much all priced for rich tourists who buy condos on the beach and live or rent here. We need to get a mattress and refrigerator. Those are the most important things and the mattress I want to buy new– the fridge I’d rather buy new. Next on our list are a small washing machine, split AC unit, boiler for hot water, couch, table, chairs. The small washing machines aren’t too expensive but decent furniture is very expensive. For the appliances we’re looking on Andale which is a mexican version of craigslist and for the furniture we might try and hunt around cancun. Can anyone suggest a better way to go about acquiring these things on a budget? Despite the better prices and selections I’m pretty sure that shipping from the US is too expensive unless someone knows of an alternative way of doing so. I know Americans and Canadians have furnished places here and they mostly have a large enough budget to shop locally but I figure there’s someone whose figured out a way to get the stuff they need at better prices??

Thank you

Tijuana answers:

Quintana Roo is one of the most expensive places in the world, everything is more than in the USA.
Seems you should have looked into the Muebles before renting.
So, your boyfriend told you you need a Temporary resident Visa to live in Mexico? An income requirement of $2000.00 a month from a foreign source or you will have to go to Belize and when you come back you will get a new FMM tourist permit. The income requirement is waved if you have around $25,000.00 usd in the bank for each and every yearly renewal. You can now go directly to a Permanent Resident Visa but the income is higher $2800.00 or so
Remember you can be picked up and deported for immigration violation All Inclusive and all at your expense to the US city of your choice.
I spent years in the state of Guerrero .I purchased my furnishings at SalinasY Rocha and Coppel and some things at Elektra.
If you may be interested in a west coast location you can No longer buy a residential Property within the restricted zone with a Tourist permit…You must have a temporary resident Visa at least. Here are a couple properties that may interest you. One on the Baja and others in Acapulco.

BTW you can NOT work in Mexico without an official work permit, extremely difficult to obtain in most cases. You can`t engage in Paid activity while there on a tourist permit.

Robert asks…

How many years did the colonization of America and the Pacific Zone by Spain last?

I need to know how one the colonization of each America and the Pacific Zone lasted, separately.

Tijuana answers:

I’m not sure what you want, but I’ll give you some dates.

Spanish colonization of America began in 1492 (Hispanola). This island was later divided into Dominican Republic (Spanish) and Haiti (French). The former became independent in 1821 while the latter became independent in 1804.

Columbus started the Spanish colony of Honduras in 1502 and became independent in 1821.

The next colony was Panama, starting in 1513. Spanish occupation of Colombia began in 1499. In 1819 “Gran Colombia” gained its independence from Spain. The area went through a number of changes and finally in 1903 Panama gained its independence from Colombia.

The Spanish colony of Cuba lasted from 1517 to 1898.

The Spanish conquest of Yucatan began in 1511; the conquest of Mexico began in 1519. The colony of Nueva España began in 1521 and ended in 1821.

The Spanish colony of the Philippines began in 1521 and ended in 1898, when it became an American colony. The Philippines became independent in 1945.

Argentina – Buenos Aires founded in 1536. Re-founded in 1580 as it was forcefully abandoned in 1541; independence was formally declared in 1816.
Bolivia – La Paz founded in 1548. Independent in 1825.
Chile – In 1541, the Spanish conquered the Incas in Perú, opening the way to the South, however, Spain could only advanced as far as the Itata River, where they met the fierce Araucanians. Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818
Colombia – In 1510, Spaniards founded Darien, the first permanent European settlement on the mainland of the Americas. In 1538, they established the colony of New Granada. Independence in 1810.
Ecuador – Conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the land in 1532; left Spain in 1809 to form Greater Colombia.
Paraguay – Asuncion, Paraguay was founded in 1537. Independent from 1811.
Peru – Conquered from the Incas in 1531 by Francisco Pizarro. Peru won its independence from Spain in 1821.
Uruguay – Taken by Spain from Portugal in 1778. Part of Brazil from 1821-1828. Independence in 1828.
Venezuela – Caracas was founded in 1567. Independent in July 5, 1811.

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