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Tijuana Baja California Mexico

James asks…

Question on Migration between Mexico and California?

Are there any barriers or obstacle to the migration from Mexico to California. These could be physical barriers or Political/social barriers.
This question is worth 5 marks

Tijuana answers:

There are walls/fences in certain areas, such as on the beach by San Diego/Tijuana.
This “fence” has the US/California/a San Diego beach on one side, and Mexico/Baja California/a Tijuana beach on the other side.
You can imagine it does not stop people from walking back and forth between the two, but there are patrols on both sides of the border and you’re not supposed to cross the fence.
Of course and in other places in California and in other states along the border, there are better fences than that rickety thing on the beach pictured above, but not everywhere along the border.

Like most international borders, passage is restricted to authorized people. When entering the US, no matter who you are (US citizen or otherwise), you are supposed to be inspected by an American immigration official, who will determine if you are authorized to enter the US. Mexican citizens need a visa to enter the US under any circumstance. They need to apply for the visa at a US consulate or embassy in Mexico, and once they have the visa, they may seek to enter the US under the terms of their visa (non-immigrant or immigrant).

Steven asks…

Do you know any websites or links to learn about mexico’s immigration laws?

Please Tell me if you do so I need the links before may 15!

Tijuana answers:

National Institute of Migration
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The National Institute of Migration (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM)) is a unit of the government of Mexico dependent on the Secretariat of the Interior that controls and supervises migration in the country.

* 1 Offices
* 2 Paisano program
* 3 Immigration statistics
o 3.1 2004
o 3.2 Guatemala immigrants
* 4 External links



Since 1999 the INM approved the increase from 16 to 32 regional offices, one for every state of Mexico and the Federal District. It also has 45 migration stations concentrated on border states (land), Mexico City (air) and the Gulf of Mexico (sea). These stations are:
State City State City
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Guerrero Acapulco
Baja California Mexicali Zihuatanejo
Tijuana Michoacán Morelia
Baja California Sur Los Cabos Oaxaca La Ventosa
Campeche Campeche Oaxaca
Ciudad del Carmen Salina Cruz
Escárcega San Pedro Tapantepec
Chiapas Ciudad Cuauhtémoc Quintana Roo Cancún
Ciudad Hidalgo Chetumal
Comitán San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
Echegaray Sinaloa Mazatlán
El Hueyate Sonora Agua Prieta
El Manguito Tabasco La Venta
Frontera Colozal Temosique
Huehuetán Villahermosa
Mazapa de Madero Tamaulipas Matamoros
Palenque Miguel Alemán
Playa de Catazaja Nuevo Laredo
San Cristobal de las Casas Reymosa
San Gregorio Chamic Tampico
Talismán Veracruz Acayucán
Tapachula El Fortín
Tuxtla Gutiérrez Veracruz
Chihuahua Yucatán Mérida
Distrito Federal AICM Zacatecas Zacatecas

Paisano program

During the Presidency of Carlos Salinas de Gortari, the Paisano program was created to assist Mexican nationals returning to Mexico for temporary visits.

Immigration statistics


* People who traveled to other countries through Mexico: 114,000
* Number of undocumented immigrants:

By outcome

* Deported out of Mexico: 211,218
* Detained in Mexico: 215,695

By country of origin:

* Guatemala: 42.9%
* Honduras: 33.7%
* El Salvador: 17.9%
* Nicaragua: 1.3%
* Other: 4.2%

* Foreign visitors registered and documented: 23,048,000
* Foreign people permanently residing in Mexico re-entering the country: 1,582
* Temporary workers from Guatemala re-entering the country: 41,894
* Foreign people entering the country temporarily: 19,614,710

By reason of entry
Tourists: 8,770,686
Business travelers: 413,619
Other: 10,430,405

* People who entered to apply for residencey: 8,513
* People who received Mexican citizenship: 1,582
* People who regularized their immigration status: 4,373

By country:

* Guatemala: 1,332
* Honduras: 1,046
* El Salvador: 492
* Colombia: 307
* Nicaragua: 161
* Peru: 155
* Other countries: 650

By state of residence:

* Chiapas: 1,571
* Federal District: 517
* Baja California: 305
* Jalisco: 266
* Quintana Roo: 222
* Tamaulipas: 275
* Campeche: 160
* Chihuahua: 119
* Veracruz: 108

By gender:

* Women: 2,214
* Men: 2,159


Guatemala immigrants

* Refugees: 10,686 (from 1996 – 1999)
* Agricultural laborers and their families:

By age:

* 15 – 48: 89.4%
* More than 49: 7.1%
* Less than 14: 3.5%

By reason for entry:

* Work: 92.6%
* Family member: 7.4%

By type of crops:

* Coffee: 63.5%
* Banana: 15.9%
* Sugar cane: 5.2%
* Other: 15.4%


External links

((Spanish)) Official site

Ruth asks…

Is my California Drivers License enough to fly from Tijuana to La Paz, Baja California?

I’m a u.s. citizen, but flying out of Tijuana because its cheaper. I know that i can cross the border walking without a passport because i do it all the time (i live in San Diego, California), but what I’m worried about is the flight from Tijuana to La Paz. Will there be a problem in Tijauna or La Paz, on the way there or back?
I don’t think you are understanding my question. I do know that you need a passport when flying to Mexico out of the U.S. simply because its an international flight. And i know for a fact that i only need a drivers license to walk across the border and back because i do it all the time. Since my flight is from Tijuana, Mexico to La Paz, Mexico, and considered a NATIONAL flight, do i still need a passport, or is my California DL sufficient even though I’m a US citizen? I don’t have my passport in my possession at this time, thats why I’m asking.

Tijuana answers:

My initial instinct was to say that you would need a passport if you are flying anywhere in the world outside of the US, because most other countries require that kind of identification. However, I just found an article written recently in the Houston Chronicle that says you won’t need a US passport until the end of September. Here is the text:

“The proposal temporarily lifts a requirement that U.S. Passports be used for citizens flying to and from Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean and Bermuda.

The suspension should allow the State Department to catch up with a massive surge in applications that has overwhelmed passport processing centers since the rule took effect this year. The resulting backlog has caused up to three-month delays for passports and ruined or delayed the travel plans of thousands of Americans.

Until the end of September, travelers will be allowed to fly without a passport if they present a State Department receipt, showing they had applied for a passport, and government-issued identification, such as a driver’s license.

Those without passports would receive additional security scrutiny, which could include extra questioning or bag checks.”

So, this may mean that if you have those other forms of ID you are fine for your trip – as long as it is coming up before October.

Best of luck to you and have a safe flight!

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